Periodontics is a discipline of dentistry aimed at diagnosing and treating diseases of the supporting tissues of the tooth, such as the gums and bone. The care provided by your dentist can prevent or treat conditions such as gingivitis and periodontitis, inflammatory diseases that can cause tooth loss. By consulting a dentist at the Cousineau dental center, you will be sure to be able to intervene quickly in the event of a bacterial infection of the gums before the bone supporting the teeth deteriorates and weakens all of your teeth.
Your dentist at the Cousineau dental center in Brossard can prevent and treat several gum diseases, the two most common of which are gingivitis and periodontitis, the latter being the evolution of gingivitis that is not treated quickly and adequately.
Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gingivitis, when the bone begins to deteriorate, weakening the teeth attached to it. At this stage of the infection, bacteria will attack the bone and the teeth will start to loosen. Teeth become loose and may fall out if not treated by a dentist. In addition to a thorough cleaning and deep cleaning, surgical treatment may be necessary.
The first symptoms to consider are the same as those of gingivitis, including bleeding gums and bad breath. If the teeth become loose, periodontal treatment becomes absolutely necessary.
Starting as gingivitis, the condition can turn into periodontitis because of bacteria that develop from poor oral hygiene, but also from smoking or a deficient immune system.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, which can be painful and is caused by an accumulation of dental plaque that can turn into tartar. This can quickly become conducive to the development of bacteria which can then attack the root of the tooth. If gingivitis can be considered benign in its early stages, it can quickly become a real problem, causing periodontitis which sometimes has irreversible consequences, such as tooth loss.
In order to prevent any problem, it is advisable to consult your dentist as soon as symptoms such as bad breath appear, bleeding gums when brushing your teeth or during a meal, or more sensitive gums, red and swollen.
The causes of gingivitis can be multiple, the first being the accumulation of dental plaque that can result from a bad habit in terms of oral hygiene, a diet that is too sweet and acidic, a lack of vitamin C or tobacco consumption. Gingivitis can also be caused by medical conditions, such as diabetes, bruxism, or nail biting.
In order to prevent and treat the various diseases that can attack the gums, the dentist can use two types of care: root planing and surgical, aesthetic or plastic treatments.
Performed by an expert, this deep cleaning eliminates the bacteria that are the source of various gum diseases. This is a deep descaling, to avoid the accumulation of tartar, conducive to the proliferation of bacteria. The advantage of this type of treatment is that it is non-surgical, and therefore minimally invasive. It can be combined with other practices to carry out the necessary repairs to the teeth if they have already been attacked by a disease.
Root planing is performed using local anesthesia and often requires between two and four sessions, depending on the problem to be treated. Tartar is thus removed using precision instruments, but also an ultrasonic device. The treatment generally ends with the use of an antiseptic or an antibiotic to ensure complete decontamination of the gums.
Whether plastic or aesthetic, surgical treatments make it possible to treat and reconstruct, if necessary, the gum. It will therefore be possible to cover the roots of bare teeth to prevent them from accumulating bacteria, but also to make the smile more natural.
As a result, the dentist could resort to a gingival graft. This aims to cover the roots exposed to bacteria by adding a quantity of gum tissue. This technique makes it possible to ensure the good health of the bone for several years and the recovery of the patient is extremely fast.
The dentist may also decide on a bone graft to add a quantity of bone to counteract bone loss. This allows the remodeling of the mouth which will take place naturally for several months.